Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a therapy designed to help people suffering from mood disorders as well as those who need to change patterns of behaviour that are not helpful, such as self-harm, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. This approach works towards helping people increase their emotional and cognitive regulation by learning about the triggers that lead to reactive states and helping to assess which coping skills to apply in the sequence of events, thoughts, feelings, and behaviours to help avoid undesired reactions. DBT assumes that people are doing their best but lack the skills needed to succeed, or are influenced by positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement that interferes with their ability to function appropriately.

DBT is a modified form of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), that was developed in late 1980s by Marsha M. Linehan. It combines standard cognitive behavioural techniques for emotion regulation, assertiveness/interpersonal effectiveness and reality-testing with concepts of distress tolerance, acceptance, and mindful awareness largely derived from Buddhist meditative practice.

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